Eye Conditions

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Amblyopia

Amblyopia

An early visual development problem occurring before the age of nine, amblyopia – more commonly known as “lazy eye” –...

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Artery Occlusion

Artery Occlusion

A retinal artery occlusion occurs when the central retinal artery or one of the arteries that branch off it becomes...

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Astigmatism

Astigmatism

Astigmatism occurs when the cornea or lens is irregularly shaped – as a consequence, light rays entering the eye do...

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Blepharitis

Blepharitis

This inflammation of the eyelids is the most common cause of dry eyes. It can result from An excess growth...

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Cataracts

Cataracts

Cataracts are cloudy areas that form in the lens, a transparent structure that lets light into the eye. A cataract...

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Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis

Usually triggered by a virus in the conjunctiva, the thin clear tissue covering the front of the eye, conjunctivitis is...

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Corneal Erosion

Corneal Erosion

Corneal erosion affects the cornea, the clear dome covering the front of the eye. The cornea is composed of five...

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Corneal Neovascularisation

Corneal Neovascularisation

Often caused by contact lens complications, this condition refers to new (neo) blood vessel growth (vascularisation) on the cornea.

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Corneal Ulcer

Corneal Ulcer

A corneal ulcer is an open sore or epithelial defect with underlying inflammation on the cornea, the clear structure in...

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Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic Retinopathy

Patients with diabetes (type 1 or type 2) are susceptible to diabetic retinopathy, a condition that affects their eyes –...

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Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry eye syndrome is one of the most common problems treated by eye specialists. Dry eyes occur increasingly with advancing...

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Entropian / Ectropian

Entropian / Ectropian

Entropion refers to a condition in which the eyelid turns inwards, which means the eyelashes turn upwards and rub against...

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Floaters & Flashes

Floaters & Flashes

Eye floaters appear as small spots that drift through your field of vision. They may stand out when you look...

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Foreign Body

Foreign Body

A foreign body is an unwanted object in your eye, such as a speck of dust, a wood chip, a...

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Herpes Zoster

Herpes Zoster

Herpes zoster, commonly known as shingles, is caused by the same virus responsible for chicken pox. After the initial exposure,...

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Hyperopia (Farsightedness)

Hyperopia (Farsightedness)

More commonly known as farsightedness, hyperopia occurs when light rays entering the unaccommodating eye fall behind the retina as opposed...

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Iritis

Iritis

Iritis is an inflammatory condition of the iris, the coloured part of the eye. It often occurs for unknown reasons,...

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Keratoconus

Keratoconus

Keratoconus is a thinning disorder of the cornea that results in distortion and reduced vision. We see through the cornea,...

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Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration

The leading cause of vision loss, macular degeneration is caused by the deterioration of the central portion of the retina,...

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Myopia (Short-Sightedness)

Myopia (Short-Sightedness)

The most common refractive error of the eye, short-sightedness or myopia occurs when light entering the eye focuses in front...

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Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction

Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction

Tears normally drain through small openings in the corners of the upper and lower eyelids called puncta and enter the...

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Ocular Rosacea

Ocular Rosacea

Caused by inherent defects in the body’s immune system and vasoregulatory processes, ocular rosacea is associated with a chronic skin...

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Optic Neuritis

Optic Neuritis

Optic neuritis occurs when the optic nerve, the pathway that transmits visual information to the brain, becomes inflamed, destroying the...

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Pinguecula

Pinguecula

Pingueculae are non-cancerous bumps on the eyeball which typically occur on top of the middle part of the sclera (the...

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Presbyopia

Presbyopia

A normal sign of aging that’s impossible to ignore and difficult to hide, presbyopia usually occurs beginning at around age...

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Pterygium

Pterygium

Pterygium is a raised, wedge-shaped growth of the conjunctiva. Most common among those who live in sunny countries – particularly...

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Ptosis

Ptosis

“Ptosis” is the medical term for a drooping upper eyelid. Eyelid drooping can sometimes affect vision if it’s severe. Ptosis...

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Retinitis Pigmentosa

Retinitis Pigmentosa

A group of eye problems that affect the retina, retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a rare group of hereditary diseases that...

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Scleritis

Scleritis

A serious eye disease that’s often associated with underlying autoimmune disorders, scleritis is an inflammation of the sclera, the white...

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Strabismus

Strabismus

Strabismus or squint is a misalignment of the two eyes caused by one or more improperly functioning eye muscles. That...

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Subconjunctival Haemorrhage

Subconjunctival Haemorrhage

Appearing as a bright red or dark red patch on the sclera, the white portion of the eye, a subconjunctival...

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Uveitis

Uveitis

Uveitis is a broad term that refers to a group of ocular disorders characterised by inflammation of the eye’s structures...

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